Eugene Garrison Dec/ 21/ 2018 | 0
If you work in the industrial sector, you are aware of the importance of having the appropriate Individual Protection Team during the working day. Today we focus on the importance of the use of safety helmets , an essential element to protect the head especially if you work in construction sites, near electrical machinery or corrosive substances.
Types of Safety Helmets
Below we detail the main types of security helmets that you can find and their functionalities.
Class A : they are made with insulating material to protect you from possible impacts due to falling objects. In turn they work as electrical insulators up to 2,200 volts.
Class B: this type of helmet protects you from impacts and electric shocks up to 12,300 volts.
Class C : like the previous two, they provide protection against impacts, however, the class C helmet does not protect against exposure to electric current or corrosive substances. It is a helmet designed for jobs with lower occupational risk.
Class E: flame resistant helmet. It has four anchoring points and three height position levels, made of very light and resistant ABS fiber.
Factors To Consider To Choose Your Safety Helmet
- It must be able to withstand drilling and adverse weather.
- Limit the pressure applied to the skull, distributing the force of impact on the largest possible surface.
- Adequate termination inside.
- Resistance to fire and electrical insulation, depending on the activity you do and the type of helmet.
- Do not present protrusions inside the frame as they may be flammable or may melt on contact with heat.
- A suitable safety helmet should deflect smooth and rounded any material that may fall on you. In the same way you should limit the pressure on the skull, distributing the force on the largest possible surface. Finally, you must disperse the force of the impact so that it does not fall entirely on the head and neck.
Elements of safety helmets
All safety helmets have the following components in their base design.
- Cap : hard and smooth finishing material that constitutes the external part of the safety helmet.
- Visor: extension of the cap that covers the surface just above the eyes.
- Wing: the edge that surrounds the cap.
- Headband: the part of the headgear that completely or partially surrounds the head above the eyes.
- Harness: keeps the helmet positioned stably on the head.
- Nape band : adjustable band that is adjustable behind the head.
- Barboquejo: band that is positioned under the chin. It is optional, not all helmets have this element.
According to the data published by the General Directorate of Statistics and Socio- labor Analysis in Spain, only in the months of January to May 2018 , a total of 17,599 work-related accidents were recorded. Of the total reported, 10,573 accidents occurred during work days in buildings under construction. 4,728 during work on demolition or renovation buildings. 1389 presented during work in constructions and / or opencast mines. 796 work accidents in mines, quarries and excavations. 88 accidents in underground works. 23 accidents in works in the water and 2 accidents produced in hyperbaric environment, underwater.
The way to prevent these accidents is to have the equipment and adequate training. For this reason, in Naisa we want to provide you with the advice you need to ensure your safety at work. Below we detail the regulations to which each type of safety helmet must be received to provide you with the security you need:
EN 397: 2012 A1: 2012 : Industrial safety helmets that protect the user from falling objects on the top of the head.
EN 812: 2012 : Helmets against blows for the industry. They offer protection to the head against blows against immobile objects. This type of helmets are not intended to protect against falling objects.
EN 14052: 2012 + A1: 2012: High performance helmets for the industry. They offer superior protection against falling objects and impacts off the top of the head than industrial safety helmets.
EN 12492: 2012: Helmets for mountaineers. They are equipped with a fastening system to keep the helmet in place.
EN 50365: 2002: Electrically insulating helmets for low use. They are used in work in tension or in proximity to live parts in installations up to 1000 V in alternating current or 1500 V in direct current.
EN 443: 2008: Helmets for the fight against fire in buildings and other structures.
EN 443: 2008: Helmets for the fight against fire in buildings and other structures.Protect from the risks derived from firefighting.
EN 16471: 2014: Protective helmets for forest firefighters.
EN 16473: 2014 : Protective helmets for technical rescue.
Guide to Prevention of Electrical Accidents construction safety helmets EPI: Personal Protection Equipment industrial safety work safety clothing