Eugene Garrison Dec/ 19/ 2018 | 0
In the industrial sector, the types of occupational risks associated with each task are extensive. That is why workers are provided with Personal Protection Equipment that reduces their exposure to these risks. But, more importantly, it is to have adequate training on the procedures to be followed in the event of an accident, since the subsequent safety of the workers depends on it.
In this article, you will learn how to act in the face of one of the most common accidents in the industry, and also those most harmful to the worker’s health, electrical accidents.
There are mild and extreme cases produced by electrical discharges at work, each of which has different repercussions for those who suffer from it. However, how to help a person who has suffered this type of accident, is one of the vital issues to avoid more workers being affected during the episode.
How are electrical accidents produced?
We list some of the situations frequently recorded accidents of electric shock.
- During the repair of damaged cables .
- When coming into contact with electrical machinery that has previously suffered a blow or has been affected by moisture or chemicals.
- During the use of damaged ignition switches.
- When making use of plugs in poor condition .
- Due to the existence of humidity in areas with electrical wiring .
- When using reinforced or altered fuses .
Consequences of an Electric Shock
Depending on the type of contact with the source of electrical current and the time of contact with it, electrical accidents are classified as minor, serious and extreme . Also influences the resistance offered by the body of the person at that time and the type of electrical current, which can be alternate or continuous. The Electricity Network of Spain annually provides leading indicators of the severity of electrical accidents nationwide.
- Mild cases: are those electrical accidents in which the contact with electrical energy causes jerks throughout the body due to muscle contractions.
- Serious cases: the electric discharge in these cases causes burns at the place of entry and exit of the electric current. This type of electric shock can cause kidney and nerve damage.
- Extreme Cases: occur when the exposure to electric current is of a magnitude so large that the person may suffer a respiratory arrest, ventricular fibrillation, cardiac arrest or other internal injuries. Large burns can also occur in case of exposure to an electric arc.
How to Act Before an Accident by Electric Discharge
Knowing the preventive measures against electrical risks, is a basic commitment with which companies must align to keep their workers prepared. The first thing you must remember if you or any of the members of your work team suffer an electrical accident, are the acronym PAS of any emergency: Protect-Warn-Relieve.
Acting on impulse to help the injured, without thinking about your own risks, can generate greater consequences. A worker who responds calmly and first ensures that the injured person is out of contact with the source of energy, is a worker who will be truly useful in a situation of risk, otherwise it could suffer the same consequences.
Then you must report the incident to the Health Emergency Service, specifying the place and answering in detail the questions of the professionals in order that they can contribute quickly and effectively to help the injured. In the same way you must provide a contact phone number and ask what you should do while waiting for the arrival of the relief services.
It is important that you are aware of the possibility of the existence of internal injuries. Although the visible injuries of the victim after an electrical accident seem minor, you should observe it constantly until the arrival of the relief team.
Preventive Measures Against Electric Risks
• Before handling the cables, you should check the absence of current with the appropriate equipment.
• Never manipulate electrical elements with wet hands, or in damp or wet environments.
• You should avoid the use of multiple plugs to avoid overloading the electrical installation.
• You should not use extension cords without a protective conductor to feed receivers with earthing.
• In any situation, avoid the passage of people or equipment over the cables to prevent trips.
• Before disconnecting any equipment or machine, it is necessary to turn it off using the switch.
• Under no circumstances should you carry out electrical work without being trained and authorized to do so (whether installing, modifying or repairing electrical equipment).
What Workwear Do You Need?
Depending on the type of work you do, you may need anti-static and fireproof clothing that counteracts the effects of a possible electrical accident during your working day. In our online store you can find anti static clothing, to protect you at all times, as well as accessories, screens, safety glasses, among others.
Anti-static divers: protects against heat, flames, and the risks produced by an electric arc.
Photoelectric Screens : consult the types of viewers with which you can find them in our online store and acquire quality facial protection.
Anti-static jackets: both unicolour and high visibility, are the required clothing if you are exposed daily to sources of electrical current.
Anti-static pants : protect when working with welding, heat and in front of the electric arc.
Now that you know the risk factors when exposed to electric current and how to act in front of it, we invite you to share the information with your circle of friends and work team.